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DR. JUAN CRISTÓBAL ZÚÑIGA

Panamanian jurist Dr. Juan Cristóbal Zúñiga studied at the University of Chile (1972-1973), received a Bachelor's Degree in Law and Political Science at the University of Panama (1977), and obtained his Doctorate in Law, with specialty in Public International Law, at the Complutense University of Madrid, Spain (1980). His professional practice, encompassing important achievements in the private sector, academia, and public service, began in 1980.

Dr. Zúñiga is member of the law office of Zúñiga and Zúñiga since 1980. Between 1981 and 1990, he served as legal counsel of the Colón Free Zone Users Association.


Dr. Zúñiga is regular (full) Professor of Public International Law at the University of Panama, whose faculty he joined in 1980. He has taught several courses, including Techniques of Legal Investigation, Mass Media Legislation, Public International Law, Political Science, and Human Rights. He coordinated the Master's Program in Public International Law, where taught Aviation Law and Peaceful Conflict Resolution. He is the author of several published works on political, historic, and legal themes, as well as of an unpublished monograph on the drafts of the 1967 treaties between Panama and United States of 1967.

In 1990-1994 and 1999-2004, Dr. Zúñiga carried out important public duties. He was an advisor to President Guillermo Endara Galimany (1990-1994), during whose administration he also served as Coordinator of the Project for the Establishment of International Organizations in Panama (1990-1992); Liaison between the President of the Republic and the Community Representatives (1990-1991); President of the Drafting Commission for Civil Service and General Salaries Bill (1990-1991); Member of the Reverted Areas Consultative Council (1991); Delegate, with the rank of Ambassador and Minister Plenipotentiary, to the First Ibero-American Summit (Guadalajara, Mexico, 1991); Personal Representative of the President of the Republic in the Province of Colón (1991); President of the Extraordinary and Urgency Commission for the Province of Colón (1991); President of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Ports (1991-1992); Member of the Commission for the Improvement of State Procurement (1990); Member of the Presidential Commission for the Evaluation of the Status of the Panama Railroad and the Ports of Balboa and Cristóbal (1993); Representative of the Executive Branch in the Social Security Administration's Complementary Fund Commission (1992-1994); Representative of the President of the Republic and chair in more than two hundred tender evaluating commissions (1992-1994); Member of the Presidential Commission for Canal Issues (1993-1994); and Member of the National Foreign Affairs Council, with the rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary(1994).

Between 1999 and 2004, Dr. Zúñiga served as General Director of Legal Affairs and Treaties at the Ministry of Foreign Relations (1999-2000); Advisor to the Foreign Minister (2000-2004); Acting Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs on several occasions (2000); First Coordinator of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Modernization Program, under the auspices of the European Union (2000); and Member of the Commission for the Promotion of Panama as Center for International Organizations, with the rank of Ambassador Plenipotentiary and Extraordinary (2001-2004).

Dr. Zúñiga works with Eisenmann Abogados y Consultores as an experienced consultant.